Tanzania also boasts the highest peak in all of Africa. Mt. Kilimanjaro explodes from the surrounding grassland to a height of 5,895 m (19,341 ft). Trekking Kili is an adventure that takes a traveller through multiple climates – grassland, forest, desert, glacier – over the 5 day hike. Located off the east coast of Tanzania, the island of Zanzibar contains hundreds of years of history as an Arab trading post for East Africa and its pristine, white-sand beaches are some of best in the world.
The United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south; and the Indian Ocean to the east. Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa and the 31st largest in the world, ranked between the larger Egypt and smaller Nigeria. Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa's Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish. To the southwest lies Lake Nyasa. Central Tanzania is a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore. The Kalambo water falls in the southwestern region of Rukwa are the second highest uninterrupted fall in Africa and are located near the southeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika on the border with Zambia. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is Zanzibar's largest marine protected area.
Tanzania's population is highly diverse, composed of numerous ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic, and since 1996, its official capital has been Dodoma, where the President's Office, the National Assembly, and some government ministries are located. Dar es Salaam, the former capital, retains most government offices and is the country's largest city, principal port, and leading commercial center.
- Wildebeest Migration
- Climb Mt. Kilimanjaro
The best time to go to Tanzania for the Serengeti Migration is from November to June as the wildebeest come from Kenya.
These storied plains are host to the annual Great Migration of wildebeest and zebra while also providing the opportunity to see all of the Big 5 in one setting. Tanzania's most popular national park, the Serengeti is home to bushbuck, eland, cheetah, giraffe, warthog, baboon and the wild African dog.
A 2000m descent places you in the heart of the wildlife in the Ngorongoro Crater. Formed by the collapse of an extinct volcano, predator and prey are in closer proximity than anywhere else in Africa. The lake and savannah environments attract lions, elephants, flamingos, hippos, rhino, monkeys, cheetah and zebra.
Less crowded with safari vehicles than other parks, Tarangire is famous for its elephant, tree-climbing lions, baobob trees and tree-climbing pythons. The Tarangire River provides the majority of the drinking water, especially in the dry season, and creates excellent game viewing opportunities.
Famous for its large population of flamingos, the Lake Manyara National Park is located between the Tarangire National Park and the Ngorongoro Crater in northern Tanzania. This park's inhabitants include hippos, monkeys, tree-climbing lions and hundreds of varieties of bird-life.
Witness the sunrise over Tanzania from 5895m (19,340 ft), atop Africa's highest peak. Trek through a variety of ecosystems as you ascend Mt Kilimanjaro including forests, woodlands, deserts, and glaciers. Encounter varying wildlife and plant-life on the lower half before a more physically challenging adventure towards the summit.